Investigating the Relationship between Formal Operational Thinking Skills and Science Achievement of 7th and 8th Grade Primary School Students

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The aim of this study is to find out whether are there any significant differences between students' science achievement and formal operational thinking skills who are teaching at primary school. In this respect, this result find out according to gender, kind of school, grade level, styles in study lesson, socioeconomical and sociocultural background variables.

Descriptive model and qualititative (statistical) techniques was used in this study. The sample consist of 491 students from primary education at Canakkale/Turkey. For this aim, science cognitive development test (G.A.L.T.) was applied that was developed by Roadrangka, Yeany and Padilla (1982) and it was translated into Turkish by Berberoglu and Paykoc (1989). Data was analyzed by several statistical Techniques such as t-test, one way ANOVA test, Scheffe test and SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Sciences) is used for those analyzes.

In this study, students' science achievement and formal operational thinking skills are determined according to difference betweeen science cognitive development test and group assessment of logical thinking. Major findings of the research can be summarized as fallows: no significant difference was found according to gender variables. Moreover, there are significant difference between S.C.D.T. and G.A.L.T. according to kind of school, grade level, styles in study lesson, GPA, socioeconomical and sociocultural background variables.


Keywords: Cognitive Development, Formal Operational Thinking, Science Achievement
Stream: Curriculum and Pedagogy; Student Learning, Learner Experiences, Learner Diversity
Presentation Type: Paper Presentation in English
Paper: , , Investigating the Relationship between Formal Operational Thinking Skills and Science Achievement of 7th and 8th Grade Primary School Students


Akan Deniz Yazgan

Research Assistant, Education Studies
Curriculum and Instruction
Faculty of Education, Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University

Canakkale, Turkey

I am a research assistant and doctorate student at Education Studies Department, Faculty of Education, Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University in Turkey. My current research interests are curriculum and instruction issues and media literacy education.

Remzi Y. Kincal

Professor, Education Studies
Curriculum and Instruction
Faculty of Education, Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University

Canakkale, Turkey

I am a professor at Education Studies Department, Faculty of Education, Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University in Turkey. My research areas are curriculum and instruction, sociology of education, democracy education and media literacy education.

Ref: L09P0789