Stress and its Relationship to Emotional Intellingence and Resiliency

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Research indicated (Bencivenga, Elias, 2003; Fischer & Fisher, 2003; Ghosn, 1999; Goleman, 1995; Nelson & Nelson, 2003)) that emotional well-being positively affects academic achievement.
Five domains of emotional intelligence will be examined. Goleman (1995) credited Salovey for these specific domains, but both Goleman and Mayer (2001) indicated similar categories for emotional development. O’Neil (1996) in his interview with Goleman quoted … “if a child learns to manage his [her] anger well, or learns to calm or soothe himself [herself], or to be empathetic, that’s a lifelong strength” (p. 9). Emotional well-being can mean the difference of a life well lived or a tragedy.
Westenberg, P. and Block J. (1993) and Wolin and Wolin (1993) indicated that resilient people are able to rebound from difficult situations. Wolin and Wolin specifically identify the ability of a person knowing and understanding what a situation or how relationships are impacting the self as a first step in promoting health. Without awareness, one is controlled by the surroundings and without choices. Secondly, and as important, is the ability to act creatively and responsibly on the knowledge that one has. There are characteristics of emotional growth and resiliency skills that can be taught to children. Self-awareness skills, relationship building, decision-making, conflict management styles and role-play can be specifically developed with emotional maturity and resiliency components.
Techniques have also been identified for handling stress and anxiety. These techniques could be taught to teachers and in turn to their students. Seaward (2002) has outlined numerous strategies in dealing with stress and anxiety: meditation, relaxation techniques, self-talk, music and art therapy, mental imagery and others.
A powerful strategy that has been identified by Goleman (1995), Seaward, (2002) and Wolin and Wolin (1993) is that of reframing. What does it look like in each construct?

Keywords: Stress, Emotional Intelligence, Resiliency
Stream: Teacher Training and Professional Development
Presentation Type: Paper Presentation in English
Paper: Emotional Intelligence and Anxiety; Emotional Intelligence and Resiliency

Dr. Bridget Connor

Associate Professor, Faculty of Education, College of Notre Dame of Maryland
Baltimore, MD, USA

Bridget is a member of the Grey Nuns of the Sacred Heart. She earned her doctorate from the University of San Francisco, CA. She has taught in the elementary grades for 20 years. She has been a professor at the College of Notre Dame of Maryland since 2000. She teaches methods, theory and research classes.

Dr. Sharon Slear

Dean, Faculty of Education, College of Notre Dame of Maryland
Baltimore, MD, USA

Ref: L09P0451