Moral Development, Moral Orientation and Personality Types
: Piaget studied children in ways they played a game. He watched as they either kept the rules or broke the rules of a game. Piaget's initial moral development stages were reviewed by Kohlberg and further developed. Kohlberg outlined six stages for moral development. When his theory was developed, he noted the sequential and invariant manner in which children moved from one level to the next. While many have criticized Kohlberg's theories for various reasons his theory still holds today from a particular perspective- that of justice. Gilligan has added a dimension to moral development that Kohlberg's theory had not included. This dimension is extremely important as it highlights a different perspective in the way one makes moral decisions.
Jung devoted a lifetime to the study of personality. His personality types were recognized in an inventory created by Meyers and Briggs. They initially created this inventory to place the right person in the right job. Interestingly enough moral orientations and personality types have a moderate relationship. Moral orientations and jobs that high-school teachers select also indicate a relationship. This session will be reviewing the theories of moral development, moral orientations, personalities and their relationships. This session will also include practical suggestions for the classroom.
Keywords: Moral Development, Moral Orientation, Personality Types
Dr. Bridget Connor
Associate Professor, Faculty of Education, College of Notre Dame of Maryland