The Impact of Clickers on Student Learning: Student Response Systems in Large Lectures

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This study was designed to investigate the use of a student response system device (identified throughout the study as “Clickers”) in several courses at a large midwestern Research One institution of higher education. Specifically, data was collected to consider the impact that using this technology during traditional lecture time had on students’ engagement and on their motivation. Two student surveys were developed for this study. One was administered to students in courses that used the student response technology. This survey contained three sections: one with items to collect demographic information, the second section included yes or no items specifically related to the student’s nature and frequency of use of the technology, and the third section was designed to collect data about the technology’s impact on student engagement and motivation perceived by the respondents. The other survey differed only in that items specially mentioning the student response system were removed or altered; this instrument was administered to the students in the “non Clicker” section of the Business Administration course.

Observation protocols were also developed and trained researchers observed several classes where Clilckers were in use.

Overall, the descriptive data indicates that students perceived that using Clickers increased their motivation, at least in terms of attending and participating in class. They additionally reported Clicker use increased their engagement during class by helping them focus more, better understand their content area weaknesses, and increase their interaction with other students.


Keywords: Student Engagement, Motivation, Instructional Technology, Higher Education
Stream: Technology in Learning; Maths, Science and Technology Learning
Presentation Type: 30 minute Paper Presentation in English
Paper: A paper has not yet been submitted.


Dr. Cheryl Bullock

Faculty Member, Riley School of Education, Walden University
Champaign, Illinois, USA

I have over twenty years experience in Higher Education ranging from faculty member to Head of Educational Research. I have numerous publications and have conducted over 50 presentations on the topic of evaluation and assessment. My doctorate is in quantitative and evaluation theory.

Ref: L09P0192