Inclusive Education in Nigeria: Policy and Practice
The principle of inclusive education was adopted at the World Conference on Special Needs Education: Access and Quality (Salamanca) in 1994 and restated in 2000 at the World Education Forum in Dakar. Hence, Nigeria like other countries adopted and inculcated the principle of inclusion in her National Policy on Education, which means all pupils irrespective of their varying abilities have equal opportunities to learn together. However, in the process of carrying out a study on the self-concept of adolescents with physical disabilities in inclusive secondary schools in Lagos State, Nigeria, this writer observed that students are in schools without adequate provision for inclusion. Nonetheless, Bulus and Hill (2000) assert that on paper, special education provision in Nigeria is the best in Africa. It is against this background that this study examined the Nigerian policy of inclusion and the practice of inclusion with the bid to point out the shortcomings and proffer possible solutions that could enhance the achievement of the Education For All (EFA) goals.
Keywords: Inclusive Education, Disability, Policy of Inclusion, Practice of Inclusion, Nigeria
Dr. Afolasade Airat Sulaiman
Lecturer, Department of Educational Foundations, Lagos State University