Teaching for a New Generation of Students: Understanding the Needs of First-Year Students in the Learning Process
The aim of the paper is to identify and analyse the learning needs of new first-year students in the Faculty of Economic and Management Sciences at the University of the Western Cape, South Africa. The objective of the paper is to establish what these needs are, and how lecturers in this faculty could adjust their pedagogies in order to enhance student learning and in doing so, improve the students’ changes at success in their study careers. The theoretical framework of this paper draws on the views of Monteith (1996). He maintains that students need a number of different knowledge bases that they can access and integrate to help them reach their educational goals. They need to know about themselves as learners, about the nature and requirements of different learning or educational tasks, and about a variety of study skills and learning strategies. He refers to this knowledge as ‘knowledge of cognition’ and divides it into three categories, namely, declarative, procedural and conditional knowledge. It is hoped that the analysis and the findings from the research presented in this paper will contribute to a better understanding of the needs that the new generation of students have, and that the recommendations made will provide new ways in which the students could be assisted and guided in the learning process.
Keywords: Learning, Students, Needs, Challenges, Lecturers, Pedagogies, Transformation
Dr. Venicia Flora McGhie
Lecturer, Academic Development Department