Preschool Teachers’ Instruction: Is It Inovative and Creative?

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This paper discusses a survey on the innovative and creativity in preschool teachers’ instruction. The data concerning innovative and creativity in the preschool teachers’ instruction were identified through a self-report questionnaire administered to 465 preschool teachers in Malaysia (included Sabah and Sarawak) employing purposive sampling. Observations were also conducted twice or three times for every 18 preschool teachers. In this study, teachers’ instruction focus on three aspects. The first aspect is to find out the preschool teachers’ implementation of induction set which involved using interesting and various methods used in the preschool. The second aspect is to identify the teaching and learning activities in Mathematics, Malay and English languages were conducted as individual, small group or whole class teaching. Besides, enrichment and remedial activities were also identified whether conducted by the preschool teachers. Finally, the third aspect is to find out the various strategies used by the preschool teacher in the classroom. In each of these aspects, to what extend innovative and creativity were carried out in the induction set, activities and strategies of the preschool teachers’ instruction will be discussed.


Keywords: Preschool Teachers, Instruction, Innovative, Creative
Stream: Curriculum and Pedagogy; Student Learning, Learner Experiences, Learner Diversity
Presentation Type: Paper Presentation in English
Paper: Preschool Teachers’ Instruction


Dr. Hashimah Mohd. Yunus

Program Chairperson B.Sc Ed, School of Educational Studies, Universiti Sains Malaysia
Minden, Penang, Malaysia

Hashimah Mohd Yunus is a senior lecturer in the School of Educational Studies, University Sains Malaysia. She has a B.Sc (Hons) in Biology and Chemistry, a M. Ed. in Curriculum Studies and PhD in the field of Science Education from University of Warwick, United Kingdom. Her expertise is in the area of primary science education, awareness in renewable energy and energy efficiency in primary and secondary schools and teacher education. She has been Research Leader on USM short term grant and co-researcher in several other research studies in Malaysia dealing with language issues in science education and energy awareness in primary and secondary school. She is in the progress of conducting research on the language development and science inquiry for year one pupils and a research on impact study of renewable energy and energy efficiency among secondary school students and teachers in Malaysia. Hashimah has also published and co-published a few papers on research publications in journal articles and conference papers at the international level and national level. She is also being consulted on several education projects such as Chairman for the evaluation of year six primary science textbook package for DBP for usage in 2008. Reviewer of the upper secondary school biology textbook for Arah Pendidikan Company.

Prof. Dr. Nor Hashimah Hashim

Lecturer, School of Educational Studies, Universiti Sains Malaysia
Minden, Penang, Malaysia

Nor Hashimah Hashim is an Associate Professor in the Early Childhood Edcuation at School of Educational Studies, Universiti Sains Malaysia. She received her MEd. and PhD at University of Leeds, United Kingdom focusing on primary education. Earlier she worked in primary and secondary schools for six and three years respectively. Currently, she is a program chairperson for BEd. Preschool Education) and teaches undergraduate programs in early childhood curriculum. Her research interests revolve around teaching and learning at preschool and primary level. Two of her current research projects funded by the Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (FRGS) and Department of National Unity and Integration, focuses on learning environment and instruction quality at the preschool level. She had also conducted research on reading comprehension at primary school at the national level. She has published a number of research papers and articles in national and international journals, and produced three teaching and learning modules for preschool and primary school children.

Muhammad Zohir Ahmad

Lecturer, School of Educational Studies, Universiti Sains Malaysia
Minden, Penang, Malaysia


Assoc. Prof. Yahya Che Lah

Lecturer, School Of Distance Education, Universiti Sains Malaysia
Minden, Penang, Malaysia

Yahya Che Lah is a lecturer at School of Distance Learning, Universiti Sains Malaysia in the area of teaching and learning of language. Most of his students are school teachers undertaking their undergraduate courses. Methodology and pedagogy of language teaching is his main subject. In addition, he also taught language proficiency. He was a language teacher, before he became a lecturer. He had taught in primary and secondary school. Moreover, he also had an experience for about 3 years in the secondary school as an academic administrator. His experiences enhance his knowledge about the needs and the problems in the teaching and learning language either to the teachers or to the pupils. In the tertiary level, besides teaching, he is involved in research. His current research focuses on the teaching and learning at the preschool level.

Norlida Ahmad

Senior Lecturer, School of Educational Studies, Universiti Sains Malaysia
Minden, Penang, Malaysia

Will be submitted later

Ref: L09P1281