A Needs Assessment Study: Quality of Education in Rural Schools
Improving the quality of education helps to realize a wide range of economic and social development goals of countries. The quality of the education is generally assessed by measuring the effectiveness of the components of the educational system. In defining ‘school effectiveness’ qualitative variables — school climate, instructional leadership, high expectations – were expressed as well as quantitative variables. While the number of schools and their accessibility are considered as crucial factors for improvement of education in rural areas, other major factors are quality and relevance.
The present study aims to examine the quality of education provided by primary schools in a rural area from the perspectives of teachers, students and principals. The participants of the study are 6th, 7th and 8th grade primary school students, their teachers and school principals. Data are collected by using questionnaires developed by the researchers. Both teacher and student questionnaires included items related to school climate, teacher characteristics, instructional strategies, classroom climate, physical facilities and parental involvement. A principal questionnaire was used to collect data related to school facilities and teacher characteristics. Data collection instruments were piloted and necessary changes have been made. Data collection process has not been completed yet. It is expected that the findings of the study will provide information about the school quality and the educational needs of primary school students in rural context.
Keywords: School Quality, Educational Needs, Rural Schools
Assist. Prof. Dr. Pervin Oya Taneri
Educational Sciences Curriculum Development and Instruction, Middle East Technical University
Instructor, Department of Educational Sciences